The word “Nepal” fascinates the world. This single word shows the love and
affection worldwide. Let’s elaborate; the cultural diversity of Nepal is as
rich as its natural and geographical diversity. Difficult geography is home of
different communities. Each community has its own language, cultural dress,
beliefs, rituals, traditions and festivals.
No wonder Nepal is the land of festivals. Almost every day is a day for
celebration in one or another community. Each Community has respect and
gratitude for other community. This is the reason why numerous culture and
festivals exist in Nepal harmonically.
It is almost impossible to mention all the culture and festivals existing in
Nepal. So, some of the major popular festivals for the majority of people are
Lhosar resembles ‘New Year’ for the
Buddhist community. It can also be quoted as Losar. Different communities
celebrate Lhosar at different times of the year.
There are three Lhosar festivals:-
The festival is celebrated with the family gathering, feasting, dancing. On
this occasion, Buddhists decorate their houses and monasteries, read prayers,
offer special foods to deities and other cultural function.
Chhath Parva is commended by locals
of Mithila district of Nepal. This celebration is committed to god Sun. Sun is
called Surya in Sanscrit, Chhat Parba is thanksgiving for ruler Surya for managing
life on earth.
The Sun, source intensity of nature, considered the divine force of vitality
and master of the life-constrain, is worshipped in Chhath to advance
prosperity. Hindu individuals trust sun fixes numerous illnesses and also
considered as a wellspring of recovering as well. Sun is additionally
considered as a token of security and success. In this way, individuals love
sun to guarantee the lifespan and flourishing of relatives, companions and darling
This Festival is celebrated by holy bathing, worshipping the setting sun and
offering water and special foods to the rising sun. Mainly special foods cover
Thekuwa and Aarsa.
This is the festival of colours. It
usually falls between February/March. People enjoy the festival by playing with
colours and waters. They share the love.
This day is supposed to be the celebration of the death‘ Holika ‘, as she
tries to kill Bishnu’s devotee Prahlad. According to myth, she was immune to
the fire and she carried Prahlad to the burning fire. By the miracle, she was
lit to death and the devotee of Bishnu was still alive. This might be the
reason for splashing each other with water.
Holi is celebrated in two different days. Hilly region of the nation
celebrates holi on the full moon and Terai region celebrates the very next day.
Holi also shows the arrival of spring.
Dashain is the most celebrated festival in Nepal, as 80 per cent of the
people are of the Hindu religion. This is the longest festival celebrated to
rejoice the victory of good over evil.
The festival is celebrated for 15days. Ghatasthapana, the first day of
Dashain marks the beginning of this festival. Men and Women worship different
avatars of Durga for nine days. On the tenth day, people receive Tika and
Jamara along with blessings from the elders and this continues for the next
People gather to their families who lives far from them. People of different
communities celebrate accordingly with their communities.
Tihar is the festival of light. It is celebrated for 5 days that takes place
15 days after to Dashain festival. This festival is celebrated by worshipping
crows on the 1st day, dogs on the 2nd day, and cows on
the 3rd day. While Dipawali (lighting) begins in the evening by
worshipping the goddess of wealth i.e. Laxmi and lighting candles in the
house. On the 4th day, oxen are worshipped and Govardhan pooja
is conducted during the evening.
5th day is important for brothers and sisters, as it is known as
Bhai Tika. On this auspicious day, sisters put Tika on their brother’s forehead
to wish them longevity of life and prosperous health.
Teej Festival – Hari Talika
This is the festival celebrated by women in the month of September/October.
The main theme of this festival is married women fast for the longevity and
prosperity of their husband and unmarried women fast hoping for a good
life-partner, as it is celebrated for three days. Fasting is on the first day
while two days are followed by the ritual puja to make Lord Shiva happy.
A woman dresses in red sarees and various ornaments to look pretty. In
meantime, women gather around to sing and dance about womanhood. The day before
and after the fast women visit their relatives and enjoy various sweets and
foods as well.
Buddha Jayanti is celebrated widely
in Nepal. It is the birth anniversary of the Gautam Buddha- light of Asia. Buddha
was born in 563 BC in Kapilvastu, Lumbini. There fore it is an auspicious day,
not for the Buddhists only but also for the others in the country.
Swayambhunath, Boudhanath, Lumbini and other stupas and monasteries
are the crowded place in this day. On this day one may parade or enormous
gatherings where monks, nuns and followers read prayers and tell moral and life
story of Lord Buddha. People donate by their will to show their generosity
This festival is specifically celebrated in Bhaktapur which falls on the 1st
month of the Nepalese calendar. According to myth, there was a princess whose
husbands kept dying on the bed. This was a serious problem for the Royal
family. Then a prince came along, blessed by the Goddess, who found a pair of serpents
crawling out of sleeping Princess. He killed them both by his sword and the
princess finally remained married.
Amid this celebration, chariots of Lord Bhairav and Goddess Bhadrakali are
pulled through various parts of the city. At Lyasinkhel, a tall shaft with two
weaved garments, speaking to the serpents, is raised. As it is praised to stamp
the demise of the serpents, it is likewise called Bisyau Jatra, which means
killing of the serpents.
Ghode Jatra celebration is otherwise
called the celebration of steeds or horse parade of Nepal. Ghode Jatra is a
standout amongst the most energizing celebrations of the Kathmandu city hanging
on Chaitra or late March. Ghodejatra Ghode Jatra implies actually the Horse
Racing Day. This celebration is one of the praised just in Kathmandu, the
capital city of Nepal.
Ghodejatra (Ghode Jatra) is initially a Newari celebration. For your
information, Newar is a cast of Nepali, living uncommonly in the Kathmandu
valley. It is praised based on devouring with companions. It is praised by
adoring Hindu Goddess Bhadrakali and Kankeswari, two gods who are marched
through the limited roads of Asan Tole the night prior to the celebration.
Gai Jatra is a Nepali rendition of Halloween. This celebration is commended
with various occasions loaded with humour, parody, jokes, and so forth as it is
lawfully permitted to make jokes about anything and anybody that day. Various
magazines, TV shows, and theatre plays demonstrate funny plots.
The Historical root of the celebration, as per confirm, is that after the
passing of his child, King Pratap Malla was extremely stressed over his ruler
who was despondency stricken. In this way, he reported that each family who had
lost a part would join a parade to exhibit the pics or images of dead relatives
The eight-day long Indra Jatra
celebration falls in September and is a standout amongst the most energizing
and loved celebrations of the Newari people group of the Kathmandu Valley. This
likewise denotes the start of multi-month-long celebration period of fall. It
starts with the erection of a wooden shaft made of pine at Basantapur Square
before the old Hanuman Dhoka Palace.
For the post raising function, several observers accumulate at the Palace
Square and on the encompassing sanctuaries. The chariot of Kumari, the Living
Goddess, is taken out in a parade through the fundamental roads of Kathmandu.
Covered artists are known as Lakhay rampage relatively every night joined by
boisterous drums. The celebration recognizes the time when Indra descended from
paradise in human shape to search for a herb.
Every night of Indra Jatra the sanctuaries and old royal residence
structures around Kathmandu Durbar Square are aglow with oil wicks. Every night
on the stage before the sanctuary of the living toward the evening of the day
preceding full moon, happy hordes assemble close Hanuman Dhoka Palace for the
hotly anticipated Living Goddess’ chariot parade to get a look at the loved a
little Newari young lady who has been idolized as Kumari.
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